The Army
Upper Trigram:K'un, the Passive Principle, Earth
Lower Trigram:K'an, the Abyss, Water, Danger
Governing Rulers:Nine in the second place
Six in the fifth place

The Image
The trigram representing earth, and in the midst of it that representing water; these form Shih. The superior man, in accordance with this, nourishes and educates the people, and collects from among them the multitudes of the army.

Miscellaneous Signs
Pi shows us joy and Shih the anxious mind.

The Judgement
Shih indicates how, in the case which it presupposes, with firmness and correctness, and a leader of age and experience, there will be good fortune and no error.

The name Shih describes the multitudes of the army. The firmness and correctness which the hexagram indicates, refer to moral correctness of aim. When the subject is able to use the multitude with such correctness, he may attain to the royal sway. There is the symbol of strength in the center of the lower trigram, and it is responded to by its proper correlate above. The action gives rise to perils, but is in accordance with the sentiments of men. Its subject may by such action distress all the country, but the people will follow him; there will be good fortune, and what error should there be?

The Lines and commentaries
Bottom six
The first six shows the army going forth according to the rules for such a movement. If these be not good, there will be evil.
'The army going forth according to the rules for such a movement': if those rules be not observed, there will be calamity.
Nine in the second place
The leader in the midst of the army. There will be good fortune and no evil. The king has trice conveyed to him the orders of his favour.
He is in the midst of the army. There will be good fortune': he has received the favour of heaven.
'The king has trice conveyed to him the orders of his favour': the king cherishes the myriad regions in his heart.

Six in the third place
The army may, possibly, have many inefficient leaders. There will be evil.
'The army with the possibility of its having many inefficient leaders': great will be its want of success.
Six in the fourth place
The army in retreat. There is no error.
'The army is in retreat; but there is no error': there has been no failure in the regular course.
Six in the fifth place
Showing birds in the field, which it will be advantageous to seize. In that case there will be no error. If the eldest son leads the army, and younger men idly occupy offices assigned to them, then however firm he may be, there will be evil.
'The eldest son leads the army': its movements are directed by him in accordance with his position in the centre.
'Younger men idly occupy their positions': the employment of such men is improper.

Top-most six
The great ruler delivers his charges, appointing some to be rulers of states, and others to undertake the headship of clans; but small men should not be employed in such positions.
'The great ruler delivers his charges': thereby he rightly rewards merit.
'Small men should not be employed': they are sure to throw the states into confusion.

1. Ch'ien
Creative Principle

2. K'un
Passive Principle

3. Chun
Initial Difficulties

4. Meng
Youthful Inexperience

5. Hsü

6. Sung

7. Shih
The Army

8. Pi
Seeking Unity

9. Hsiao Ch'u
Minor Restraint

10. Lü
Treading carefully

11. T'ai

12. P'i

13. T'ung Jen

14. Ta Yu
Great Possessions

15. Ch'ien

16. Yü

17. Sui

18. Ku
Arresting Decay

19. Lin

20. Kuan

21. Shih Ho
Biting through

22. Pi

23. Po

24. Fu
The Turning Point

25. Wu Wang

26. Ta Ch'u
Restraining Force

27. I

28. Ta Kuo

29. K'an
The Abyss

30. Li
Clinging Brightness

31. Hsieh

32. Heng

33. Tun

34. Ta Chuang
Strength of Greatness

35. Chin

36. Ming I
Sinking Light

37. Chia Jen
The Family

38. K'uei

39. Chien

40. Hsieh

41. Sun

42. I

43. Kuai

44. Kou
Coming on

45. Ts'ui

46. Sheng
Moving upward

47. K'un

48. Ching
The Well

49. Ko

50. Ting
The Cauldron

51. Chen

52. Ken

53. Chien
Gradual Progress

54. Kuei Mei
Marriageable Maiden

55. Feng

56. Lü
The Wanderer

57. Sun
Gentle Penetration

58. Tui

59. Huan

60. Chien

61. Cung Fu
Inner Truth

62. Hsiao Kuo
Small Excess

63. Chi Chi
Completion and After

64. Wei Chi
Before Completion