The diagram shows the board and the pieces in initial position. There are two players, black and white. White begins. Players move - and must move - in turn.
Capture has precedence over a non-capturing move. If the player to move has no capture to make, he has the following options:
A king is a promoted man.
A man moves one square diagonally forwards, provided the target square is vacant. If a man thus reaches the back rank, it promotes to king. A king moves any number of unobstructed squares diagonally forwards or backwards.
Capture is compulsory. Men may capture forwards only, kings may capture both forwards and backwards by the long leap.
- If a man is on a particular line, and next to it on that line is a square occupied by an opponent's piece, then the man captures the opponent's piece by jumping over it to the square immediately beyond, which must be vacant for the capture to take place. If the man can proceed in a similar way in the same or the perpendicular direction, it must do so.
- If a man in a capture reaches the back rank, the move ends there and the man is promoted to king.
- A king captures by the long leap both forwards and backwards. It must end the leap on the field directly behind the piece that is captured. It is subject to the same completion rule: if it can proceed in the same or a perpendicular direction, it must do so.
- A multiple capture must be completed before the captured pieces are removed from the board.
- A king making a multiple capture may visit a square more than once, but a piece may not be jumped more than once.
- There are no priorities of capture: if presented with a choice a player may freely choose which capture to make. The chosen capture must be completed of course, but there's no precedence of majority capture.
If a player has no legal move he loses the game. This may come about either by being eliminated or being blocked completely. Draws may occur by mutual agreement or 3-fold.
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