Frisian Draughts has been played in the dutch province of Friesland since the end of the 17th century. Willem van Swaanenburg mentions "the Molkwar king" in his book “De herboore oudheit, of Europa in ’t nieuw” (The reborn Antiquity, or a new Europe), that was written in 1725. Molkwar is the present day town of Molkwerum.
In 1932 Frisian Draughts became officially established with the foundation of the DFS (Dambûn Frysk Spul), the Frisian Draughts Association, who organise personal and club championships every year.

Rules
The diagram shows the board and the pieces in initial position. There are two players, black and white. White begins. Players move - and must move - in turn.

Object
If a player has no legal move he loses the game. This may come about either by being eliminated or being blocked completely.

Movement
Capture has precedence over a non-capturing move. If the player to move has no capture to make, he has the following options:

  • Moving a man
  • Moving a king

A king is a promoted man. There's one exception to the above

  • A player may not move (as opposed to 'capture') more than three times in succession with the same king. After three times the same king must either proceed with a capture or not move at all, in which case the player must move or capture with another one of his pieces. This restriction does not apply for a player who has only kings.
  • A man moves one square diagonally forward, provided the target square is vacant. If a man ends its move on the back rank, it promotes to king. A king moves any distance of free squares along an open straight or diagonal line.


Capture
Capture is compulsory. The direction of capture may be both forward and backward in both the straight direction and the diagonal direction.

  • A man captures by jumping over a (straight or diagonally) adjacent man to the square immediately beyond, which must be vacant for the capture to take place. If the man can proceed capturing pieces from this square, it must do so, taking care beforehand to take the route that brings the maximum value.
  • A king captures by the long leap over a piece it can see in a straight or diagonal line, provided the square immediately beyond is vacant. If more subsequent squares are vacant it may land on any of these. If the king can proceed capturing pieces from the square it lands on, it must do so, taking care beforehand to take the route that brings the maximum value.
  • A king has more value than a man, but less than two men.
  • If a king and a man can capture an equal value, then the king must capture an the man may not.
  • A capture must be completed before the captured pieces are taken off the board.
  • In the course of a capture, the capturing piece may visit the same square more than once, but it may not capture the same piece more than once.

If a player has two kings, and his opponent has one king, then the first player has seven moves to win. If he does not succeed to win in seven moves, the game is a draw.

Sorry, you need a Java enabled browser to view the Dame Player! Here is a killer combination discovered by Tjalling Goedemoed.
Sorry, you need a Java enabled browser to view the Dame Player!  
Sorry, you need a Java enabled browser to view the Dame Player! Spectacular combinations in actual play are no exception in Frisian Draughts. This one by the Taeke Kooistra in his game against Stoffel Bouma in the Frisian Championship 2011 is a nice example.

Taeke Kooistra prolongued his title in this tournament.

Topology
The interesting thing about Frisian is that it goes a roundabout way to get diagonal movement and straight/diagonal capture. That's because it still employs half the grid: topologically speaking there are no light squares in the diagram on the left and we can make them disappear, as shown before in Draughts Dissected.

schuinrecht

Sure there are light and dark squares in the second diagram, but they are the result of checkering the former dark squares that now fill the board seamlessly
The second representation is an orthogonal grid rotated 45o. Movement is now 'straight', that is: along the orthogonal lines, capture is both straight and 'diagonal', that is: along the dark or light checkered subgrids.

Frisian and Armenian Draughts: evolutionary forerunners
The emergence of Frisian Draughts mirrors the emergence of Armenian Draughts. Frisian turned a diagonal singlegrid game into a doublegrid game by introducing orthogonal capture. If it had been played on the board on the left we would have to say that it turned an orthogonal singlegrid game into a doublegrid game by introducing diagonal capture. It's just a matter of how you look at it.
Armenian Draughts turned an orthogonal singlegrid game, Turkish Draughts, into a doublegrid game by introducing diagonal movement, but the basic change - single to doublegrid - is the same. These games are therewith the first truly modern games. We did mention as much in The split into two branches in the history section. Although somewhat archaïc and tainted with 'corrective modifications' and 'special cases', not to mention Armenian's terrible 'dog on a cookie trail' method of capture, they pointed in the right direction: Draughts needs a doublegrid implementation or it will die like Checkers.

Dameo is the most likely candidate because it is a fast and fuctional modern weapon without any need for corrective modifications or the the covering of special cases. Dameo mirrors Draughts beauty and combinatorial power, but it is faster and far less drawish, regardless of the strength of the players.

External links